24 | Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH Air quality Air quality testing and the implications of this The air quality at the airport location Berlin-Schönefeld has been continuously monitored since July 2011 by an air quality measuring point on the premises. The measurement technology used for this purpose records both gaseous as well as particular air pollutants. The state office for the environment of Brandenburg also has access to the measurement data besides FBB, which also carries out a quality control of the measurement data. All air quality parameters that are to be monitored were substantially below the threshold values in 2019. The measurement data can be viewed as daily mean values and from July of the following year as an annual report in the neighbourhood portal of the FBB website. Biomonitoring FBB has been examining the implications of the air quality at Schönefeld Airport on various plants with the help of biomonitoring since 2011. For this purpose, grass cultures or kale plants were placed on the site and in the surrounding area of the airport. Both plants are particularly suitable as an organic indicator, as they enrich certain air pollutants. The biomonitoring was carried out until 2015 and will be continued after the opening of the BER. The biomonitoring did not show any influence of the airport operation on the air pollutants in the environment. The results so far have been evaluated by independent experts, who have confirmed: The biomonitoring did not show any influence of the airport operation on the air pollutants in the environment. Thousands of test flights daily: Bee monitoring at the airport In bee monitoring, samples of pollen, wax and honey from the Schönefeld and Tegel sites are compared with samples from the Schorfheide in Uckermark. FBB's bee monitoring covers three sites near the airport and one site far from the airport as a reference site. Samples of pollen, wax and honey are examined for content of typical air pollutants. The results of the survey are clear: The airports have no negative influence on honey and pollen as food or food supplements. In the wax samples, too, no differences could be found between the sites with regard to the pollutant content.
Environment | 25 Environmental planning Compensatory and replacement measures for BER With each large building project, the implications on the environment and nature preservation have to be assessed within the scope of an approval procedure. On this basis, different measures are developed and implemented in order to reduce the implications. FBB also ensures with numerous projects that the unavoidable changes to nature, associated with the construction and expansion of BER, are compensated for elsewhere. Ecological building support FBB also relies on ecological building support during the construction measures relating to BER. This has ensured that environmental pollution and interference with nature has been kept to a minimum. This required, among other things, the protection of trees and the re-settlement of various animals. At 39 locations in the Zülowniederung, information boards inform visitors about the ecological upgrading measures that FBB has implemented together with the Landschaftspflegeverein Mittelbrandenburg e.V. (Central Brandenburg Landscape Conservation Association). Compensatory and replacement measures To compensate for construction-related interventions in nature elsewhere, FBB has in addition created high-quality habitats for animals and plants. These lie on an area of around 500 hectares as a “green band” around BER and attract visitors to hike, relax and discover. In addition to the “green band”, FBB has in the past few years, in cooperation with Landschaftspflegeverein Mittelbrandenburg e.V. (LPV), also implemented a multitude of measures in Zülowniederung for enhancing the lowland landscape there. Zülowniederung is located to the southwest of BER and, with an area of about 2,600 hectares, is the largest single FBB project in terms of compensation and replacement measures. As part of public relations work, information boards and signs were erected in September 2019 to illustrate the measures taken on site. In addition to implementing the compensation and replacement measures, FBB is also assuming responsibility for the sustainable development of these for a period of 25 years.