Berlin ist mit rund 35,65 Millionen Passagieren im Jahr 2019 der drittgrößte Flughafenstandort in Deutschland. Aktuell gibt es zwei Flughäfen: den Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld und den Flughafen Berlin-Tegel. Der gesamte Luftverkehr der deutschen Hauptstadtregion soll am Standort Schönefeld konzentriert werden. Dafür plant und baut die Flughafengesellschaft den Flughafen SXF zum Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg – kurz BER – aus. Das Terminal T1 des BER wird am 31. Oktober 2020 eröffnet.
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Annual Report 2018

  • Text
  • Schoenefeld
  • Report
  • Airport
  • Finances
  • Aircraft
  • Terminal
  • Tegel
  • Assets
  • Brandenburg
  • Berlin
Portraits, finances, prospects: Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH presents its key business segments, latest financial statements and most recent developments in the annual report.

62 | Flughafen Berlin

62 | Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH Air quality Technical and ecological air quality monitoring Since 2011 thousands of bees are based directly on the business site of the FBB not far from Schönefeld Airport. Since 2018 two colleagues of the FBB have taken over the beekeeping, who have been especially trained for this purpose and now regularly take care of the animals. Pollen, wax and honey of the bee colony will also be used for bee monitoring in 2019. The air quality at the airport location Berlin-Schönefeld has been continuously monitored since July 2011 by an air quality measuring point on the business site. The measurement technology used for this purpose records both gaseous as well as particular air pollutants. The state office for the environment of Brandenburg also has access to the measurement data besides FBB, which also carries out a quality control of the measurement data. All air quality parameters that are to be monitored were substantially below the threshold values in 2018. The

Environment | 63 Thousands of test flights daily: Bee monitoring at the airport measurement data can be viewed as daily mean values and from July of the following year as an annual report in the neighbourhood portal of the FBB website and on the website of the state office for the environment. The FBB has been examining the implications of the air quality at Schönefeld Airport on various plants with the help of a bio-monitoring since 2011. For this purpose either grass cultures or also sprout plants were placed on the site and in the surrounding area of the airport depending on the season. Both plants are particularly highly suitable as an organic indicator, as they enrich certain air pollutants. The biomonitoring was carried out until 2015 and will be continued after the opening of the BER. The results are assessed by independent experts and this since 2011 with a clear result: The organic monitoring did not show any influence of the airport operation on the air pollutants in the environment. The bee monitoring of the FBB, which has also been carried out since 2011 already, comes to similar results. The bee and insect dying has been a broadly discussed topic since 2018 at the latest. And bees also play an important role at the Berlin airports. As they fly to thousands of blooms on the fields around the airports and collect pollen hereby, they are wonderfully suited to examine the implications of air traffic. In the bee monitoring pollen, wax and honey from the airport environs (Schönefeld and Tegel) as well as from a location at a further distance from the airports (Schorfheide) are analysed for residues of air pollutants. With the evaluation and the comparison of the values the experts come to a clear conclusion: The Schönefeld and Tegel airports have no relevant influence on the quality of honey.

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