Berlin ist mit rund 35,65 Millionen Passagieren im Jahr 2019 der drittgrößte Flughafenstandort in Deutschland. Aktuell gibt es zwei Flughäfen: den Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld und den Flughafen Berlin-Tegel. Der gesamte Luftverkehr der deutschen Hauptstadtregion soll am Standort Schönefeld konzentriert werden. Dafür plant und baut die Flughafengesellschaft den Flughafen SXF zum Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg – kurz BER – aus. Das Terminal T1 des BER wird am 31. Oktober 2020 eröffnet.
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Annual Report 2018

  • Text
  • Schoenefeld
  • Report
  • Airport
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  • Brandenburg
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Portraits, finances, prospects: Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH presents its key business segments, latest financial statements and most recent developments in the annual report.

58 | Flughafen Berlin

58 | Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH Continuous noise level Schönefeld In Schönefeld 105,955 aircraft took off and landed and thus around 5% more than in the previous year. A development of the annual permanent sound level cannot be disclosed directly for the years 2015 and 2017, as traffic was partly handled on the southern runway due to the work in the northern runway area. The six months with the highest volumes of traffic that are to be used for the annual permanent noise level are distributed over both runways in these years. These levels that are mixed with regard to the noise burden are not comparable with the previous years. In the diagrams opposite a comparable value is nevertheless shown. This was determined to the extent that the six months with the highest traffic volume without the southern runway operation shares were projected to the traffic volume of the required evaluation periods. Accordingly the permanent noise levels (the mean value over the measuring points 2 to 9) compared to the previous year hardly changed. For the last five years an increase is produced owing to the sharp rise in traffic by 2.1 dB during the day and 1.4 dB during the night. In the diagrams presented on the right the development of the annual permanent noise level averaged via the measuring points 2 to 9 and the traffic development of the last five years are presented without consideration of the International Aviation Exhibition ILA. Night flights Schönefeld The number of flight movements at night increased from 8,352 in 2014 to 12,815 flight movements in 2018. Night flight movements increased by 39% in 2016. Two thirds of the increase L eq, tag/dB(A) L eq, nacht/dB(A) Permanent noise level during the day at Schönefeld 61,0 60,0 59,0 58,0 57,0 56,0 55,0 54,0 53,0 52,0 51,0 50,0 Permanent noise level during the night at Schönefeld 64,0 63,0 62,0 61,0 60,0 59,0 58,0 57,0 56,0 55,0 54,0 53,0 52,0 51,0 50,0 Day flight movements/year 58,7* 57,2 2014 2015 2016 nightly flight movements/year 52,6 52,7* 53,9 2014 2015 2016 is due to the expansion of flight operations by Ryanair. Compared to 2017, the number of night flights increased by approximately 11%. This increase was mainly in the months July to October. In these months of the previous year, through the South runway operation at Schönefeld Airport the BER night flight restrictions applied, which led to a fall in the night-time flight movements in 2017. 59,4 * Owing to the mixed operation of the northern and southern runway at Schönefeld Airport in 2015 and 2017 a value was projected for these years from the northern runway operation and the traffic figures. 59,6* 2017 53,9* 2017 59,3 2018 54 2018 85.000 70.000 55.000 40.000 13.000 12.500 12.000 11.500 11.000 10.500 10.000 9.500 9.000 8.500 8.000 7.500 Flight movements Flight movements

Environment | 59 Continuous noise level Tegel The development of the permanent noise level varied at the individual measuring points of Tegel Airport. A permanent noise level that was approx. 1 dB lower was thus produced at the measuring points 43 and 49 despite an increase in traffic during daytime hours. On the measuring point 47, which was shifted to the side, the day permanent noise level increased on the other hand by 1.4 dB. On the remaining measuring points the permanent noise level remained approximately the same. The reason for the tendency to falling values was a fall in the long-haul traffic, which is processed with bigger and louder aircraft and by the entry of the airline easyJet, which with the same aircraft leads to comparably lower maximum levels. At the measuring points 49 and 47 a further effect has an impact still. In 2018, compared to 2017, there was a substantially higher share of take-offs in the direction of east. As at these measuring points for a maximum level there are substantial differences between take-off and landing, this has a direct effect on the permanent noise level. In total on average over all measuring points there was a fall by 0.5 dB. Night flights Tegel In Tegel there is a ban on night flights from 11 pm to 6 am. A tolerance of one hour is taken into consideration for unavoidably late landings. Excluded from this regulation are night post flights, rescue flights and special flights L eq, tag/dB(A) L eq, nacht/dB(A) that require a permit. The nightly flight movements fell slightly in 2018 in comparison to the previous year. The mean continuous noise level at night fell by

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