Berlin ist mit rund 35,65 Millionen Passagieren im Jahr 2019 der drittgrößte Flughafenstandort in Deutschland. Aktuell gibt es zwei Flughäfen: den Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld und den Flughafen Berlin-Tegel. Der gesamte Luftverkehr der deutschen Hauptstadtregion soll am Standort Schönefeld konzentriert werden. Dafür plant und baut die Flughafengesellschaft den Flughafen SXF zum Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg – kurz BER – aus. Das Terminal T1 des BER wird am 31. Oktober 2020 eröffnet.
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Annual Report 2017

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Portraits, finances, prospects: Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH presents its key business segments, latest financial statements and most recent developments in the annual report.

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→ 56 | Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH Avoid noise The air traffic industry is tackling it The air traffic is growing and is just developing particularly dynamically at the Berlin location. Despite the enormous growth in passengers the aircraft noise burden in Schönefeld and Tegel has increased on average almost unchanged or only moderately in the past few years. This is possible, because aircraft and engine manufacturers, airlines, airports and the German Air Traffic Control Services, with the decisive participation of science have developed technologies and processes, which make flying quieter. The use and further development of low-noise technologies and flight processes are central prerequisites in order to secure the acceptance of aviation in Berlin and Brandenburg in the long-term. Modern air traffic allows people in the capital city region to reach many European and worldwide destinations directly. The air traffic connects local companies and their products with the world economy. The capital city region is however also attractive for tourists from all over the world: Around 43 million overnight stays were counted in 2017 alone. The task here is to bring the need for mobility of the company in line with the need for peace and quiet and protection of the neighbouring residents in the surrounding area of Schönefeld and Tegel Airports. FBB ensures this by an extensive noise protection programme at BER, charging of noise-dependent take-off and landing fees as well as the avoidance of unnecessary ground noise. It is particularly effective to minimise noise at the source. The airlines invest continuously in new aircraft technologies and modernisation of their fleets. Modern aircraft have substantially quieter engines. Industry and science are continuously working on further reducing the noise sources on the aircraft surface, on the wings and on the landing gear. By the year 2020 already aircraft of the newest generation will only be perceived half as loud as aircraft built at the turn of the century. Aircraft used in Berlin are getting quieter and quieter Aircraft noise since 1960 reduced by 25 dB 100 1 3 4 6 95 ePNdB* 90 85 80 2 5 7 9 8 12 10 – 25 dB 11 13 Noise level when flying over at a distance of 6.5 km from the point of take-off. The number of seats is also included in the presentation of the level. Aircraft with more than 100 seats receive a corresponding deduction, aircraft with less than 100 seats a surcharge. 75 1950 1960 1 McDonnell-Douglas DC 8 2 McDonnell-Douglas DC 9 3 Boeing 727 4 Ilyushin IL-62 5 Airbus A300 1970 1980 6 Tupulew TU134A 7 Tupulew TU154M 8 Boeing 737-300 9 McDonnell-Douglas MD 8 10 Airbus A320 1990 2000 11 Airbus A330 12 Boeing 737-800 13 Embraer E190 14 Airbus A320neo 15 Bombardier CS100 2010 15 14 2020 * EPNdB (Effective Perceived Noise Level in decibels) level factor, which is used within the scope of the certification of aircraft. This level takes, among others, corrections into consideration for tonal shares and is not comparable with the A-assessed noise level.

Environment | 57 ← Quieter, cleaner, bigger Quieter aircraft arrive in Berlin With the A380 Airbus succeeded in constructing a modern wide-body aircraft in 2006, which is substantially quieter than comparable aircraft models. In the segment of the aircraft used at the airports in Berlin to a large extent for the short- and medium-haul route there has, on the other hand, been no further development in the last 15 years. Airbus now also has improved aircraft on offer in this segment. The A320neo (New Engine Option) was thus developed and in 2016 delivered to Lufthansa as the first customer. With the regional aircraft Bombardier has with the CSeries launched a model with 130 seats on the market. In the meantime the first customer (Swiss) has taken the old Avro Regional jets (RJ100) out of service and replaced these by the CSeries. FBB evaluated the measurement data of the CSeries flights of Swiss in 2017 and hereby on average measured at the individual measuring points compared to the RJ100 or A319 a substantial reduction in noise by 5 dB. Based on these data it was possible to present a so-called “noise footprint” (maximum level of > 70 dB(A)) for a start of these aircraft types direction east at Tegel Airport. It can be seen that the “noise footprint” is more than halved by the use of the CSeries. The same also applies to departures in direction west. By taking the settlement structure into consideration at Tegel Airport this corresponds with a reduction in the figure of the encumbered neighbouring residents by around two thirds. In addition, the CSeries has a greater seat capacity compared to the Avroliner, which can convey a maximum of 110 passengers. Noise-encumbered area is disappearing Comparison of the area > 70 dB A319/RJ100 – CS100 Niederschönhausen Heinersdorf Weißensee Prenzlauer Berg Legend Airbus A319/ Avroliner RJ100 Bombardier CS100

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