Berlin ist mit rund 35,65 Millionen Passagieren im Jahr 2019 der drittgrößte Flughafenstandort in Deutschland. Aktuell gibt es zwei Flughäfen: den Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld und den Flughafen Berlin-Tegel. Der gesamte Luftverkehr der deutschen Hauptstadtregion soll am Standort Schönefeld konzentriert werden. Dafür plant und baut die Flughafengesellschaft den Flughafen SXF zum Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg – kurz BER – aus. Das Terminal T1 des BER wird am 31. Oktober 2020 eröffnet.
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Annual Report 2015

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Portraits, finances, prospects: Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH presents its key business segments, latest financial statements and most recent developments in the annual report.

The mobile measurement

The mobile measurement points are set up at changing locations around the airport. Transparency for the neighbouring residents Airports are required by law to operate measurement points at the airport and its surroundings for the purpose of documenting the aircraft noise. Accordingly, Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH has installed a total of 25 stationary measurement points in the environs of Schönefeld and Tegel Airports (per 31 December 2015). The measurement results are submitted to the pertinent government authorities and the Aircraft Noise Commission monthly and published on the internet. Stationary measurements The locations of the stationary measurement points for documentation of the aircraft noise are determined in consultation with the Aircraft Noise Commission, which includes representatives from the neighbouring communities. Measurement points must always be placed along the approach and departure routes and in selected communities affected by aircraft noise. During the selection of the locations, other sources of noise such as main traffic arteries or railway lines are avoided because they lead to a distortion of the results. The measurement data are retrieved from the measurement points once a day and attributed to the aircraft movements on the basis of the radar data from the Deutsche Flugsicherung. Noise results coming from noise sources other than air traffic are determined subsequently and deleted from the statistics. Moreover, weather data are taken into consideration so that any distortion of the measurement results is avoided. This form of aircraft noise monitoring enables FBB to provide information about noise emissions of every aircraft movement and to document the development of the aircraft noise situation reliably and continuously. The data are used in particular for the calculation of the take-off and landing fees, which are related to noise, and for handling complaints. Mobile measurements In addition to the measurements at the stationary measurement points, the Airport Company carries out mobile measurements; as a rule, the aircraft noise incidents are recorded over a period of one month. The equipment meets the requirements for stationary measurement points with respect to the noise measurement technology. The mobile measurement vehicles are deployed at the request of the Aircraft Noise Commission, the communities or at the suggestion of affected persons. The Airport Company has taken measurements at 62 locations since 2010 for the purpose of documenting changes in the noise levels in the BER surroundings. In 2015, the South Runway of BER was operated for about six months while the North Runway was being renovated. In addition to the stationary measurements in the extension of the South Runway, measurements were taken by mobile units at 12 locations along the flight paths of the South Runway. The BER flight patterns are indicated on the map. With respect to the “north diversion” around Mahlow in the night-time period, a so-called zero measurement was made in Mahlow-Nord (Roter Du-

Environment | 45 ← Aircraft Noise Forecast can be used to estimate for any address in the vicinity of BER how high the aircraft will be flying over the house and — if the entered address is within the described flight corridor — what maximum noise level will occur at that location. The forecast equivalent continuous noise level for any address entered can also be calculated. TRAVIS Tegel Airport Reporting of flight paths and noise measurement values on the internet. BER Aircraft Noise Forecast: levels of aircraft noise expected with the operational startup of Berlin Brandenburg Airport. del) to document the prior noise level in the area without aircraft noise. The aircraft noise vehicle was deployed in Pankow in the approach area of Tegel Airport in 2015.. Aircraft movements live The current aircraft movements for Schönefeld and Tegel can be retrieved with a delay of only a few minutes with the aid of the information tool Travis. Anyone interested in the information can determine with only a few mouse clicks what type of aircraft and what airline are involved, the departure or the destination, the flight altitude, the speed, and the approach or climbing angle. Users can place a house at any spot on the map and display the altitude at which an aircraft flies over the house or what the lateral distance of the house from the approach or departure line is. The data from the aircraft noise measurement points are also displayed. Aircraft Noise Forecast for BER The “Aircraft Noise Forecast for BER” contains information about the development of aircraft noise after operational startup of the new airport. The Operating direction forecast The operating direction forecast shows the direction in which aircraft will presumably be taking off. This information is helpful for residents living near the airport who are located to the north or south of the approach and departure routes rather than directly under them. As a rule, landings in these areas are perceived to be significantly quieter than take-offs. The Airport Company implemented this service at the suggestion of citizens. Flight noise information and complaint systems Relief aid flights with large transport aircraft, weather fronts, change in the wind direction causing a change in the operating direction in which aircraft take off and land — all of these factors can cause situations in which neighbours in the proximity of Schönefeld and Tegel Airports can feel disturbed. The Airport Company welcomes information and criticism from neighbouring residents and has set up the aircraft noise and complaint system so that with its help questions or complaints can be processed efficiently and the company can respond quickly to them. You will find more information on the Neighbourhood Portal at

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