Die Flughafengesellschaft FBB betreibt den Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg Willy Brandt (BER) mit seinen drei Terminals. Berlin ist der drittgrößte Flughafenstandort in Deutschland; gemessen an den ankommenden und abfliegenden Passagieren (ohne Umsteiger) sogar der größte. Die Flughäfen Schönefeld und Tegel fertigten im Jahr 2019, vor der Coronavirus-Pandemie, rund 35,65 Millionen Passagiere ab. Für das Jahr 2020 rechnet die Flughafengesellschaft mit insgesamt rund neun Millionen Passagieren.

The airport company Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH (FBB) operates Berlin Brandenburg Willy Brandt Airport (BER) with its three terminals. Berlin is the third biggest airport location in Germany and ranks first in terms of origin and destination traffic (not counting connecting passengers). In 2019, before the coronavirus pandemic, the airports in Schönefeld and Tegel handled around 35.65 million passengers. For 2020, the airport company expects a total of around nine million passengers.

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Annual Report 2015

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Portraits, finances, prospects: Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH presents its key business segments, latest financial statements and most recent developments in the annual report.

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→ 40 | Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH The number of passengers at Schönefeld rose significantly in 2015. Thanks to higher utilisation of capacity, however, the number of aircraft movements was still lower than the figures for 2010. Aircraft noise management Monitor, calculate, reduce ← Picture pages 36/37: Biomonitoring is used as an aid in the study of the degree of exposure to pollutants of grass as animal feed – and what contribution air traffic makes to this exposure. Schönefeld and Tegel Airports recorded an increase in passengers of 5.5% in 2015. Improved use of aircraft capacity and the deployment of larger aircraft continuously increase the efficiency of Berlin air traffic. Although the passenger volume since 2006 has risen by 60%, the number of aircraft movements has risen by only four per cent. Noise measurement SXF In 2015, 5,828 more aircraft than in the previous year were handled at Schönefeld. These traffic figures come close to the value from the year 2010. The increase in aircraft movements occurred exclusively during daytime operation. The development of the continuous noise level for the year in 2015 cannot be shown because traffic was diverted to the South Runway in the period from 2 May to 23 October so that the North Runway could be renovated. The temporary utilisation of the South Runway in 2015 revealed that the measured maximum noise level is significantly lower than assumed when calculating the noise protection measures. Depending on the measure-

Environment | 41 ← North Runway renovation changes aircraft noise contours South Runway operation: changed aircraft noise impact for flight direction west. The difference in the calculated daytime continuous noise level is shown. < –5 dB < –10 dB < –15 dB < –20 dB < –25 dB > 25 dB > 20 dB > 15 dB > 10 dB > 5 dB Continuous Noise Level Tegel* ment point, the maximum noise level was six to eleven decibels below the values assumed during the calculation for the noise protection measures. Socalled special traffic (e.g. relief flights of German Red Cross) is excepted in accordance with the planning stipulation decision. FBB sees this a confirmation that the noise protection measures were adequately dimensioned. Continuous noise level TXL The mean equivalent continuous noise level at the measurement points in the surroundings of Tegel Airport remained almost the same (+0.1 dB(A)) in comparison with the mean of the previous year. Night-time aircraft movements rose by about 2.4% in 2014, a slightly slower rate than that of the total aircraft movements. In the six months with the highest traffic volumes (May to October) used for the calculation of the continuous noise level, there was an increase of 14.6% in the night-time aircraft movements. This led to a rise in the average nighttime continuous noise level of 0.6 dB to 56.6 dB(A). L eq, day/dB(A) 66.0 65.0 64.0 63.0 62.0 61.0 60.0 59.0 58.0 57.0 56.0 55.0 54.0 53.0 52.0 51.0 50.0 65,1 55,3 2011 2012 2013 Daytime aircraft movements/year Night-time aircraft movements/year 65,4 65,3 65,4 65,2 56,4 2014 2015 Continuous noise level during the day Continuous noise level at night 190,000 180,000 170,000 160,000 150,000 ... 10,000 9,500 9,000 8,500 8,000 7,500 7,000 6,500 6,000 5,500 5,000 * The calculation of the mean equivalent continuous noise levels for the years 2011 to 2015 excluded the measurement points 44 and 46 (taken out of operation in 2012/2013) for comparison purposes. 175% 150% 125% 100% 75% 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 56,0 Increasingly Efficient: Berlin’s Air Traffic 2011 2012 56,6 56,8 Passengers Aircraft movements 2013 2014 2015 160 % 104 % Aircraft movements

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