Die Flughafengesellschaft FBB betreibt den Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg Willy Brandt (BER) mit seinen drei Terminals. Berlin ist der drittgrößte Flughafenstandort in Deutschland; gemessen an den ankommenden und abfliegenden Passagieren (ohne Umsteiger) sogar der größte. Die Flughäfen Schönefeld und Tegel fertigten im Jahr 2019, vor der Coronavirus-Pandemie, rund 35,65 Millionen Passagiere ab. Für das Jahr 2020 rechnet die Flughafengesellschaft mit insgesamt rund neun Millionen Passagieren.
The airport company Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH (FBB) operates Berlin Brandenburg Willy Brandt Airport (BER) with its three terminals. Berlin is the third biggest airport location in Germany and ranks first in terms of origin and destination traffic (not counting connecting passengers). In 2019, before the coronavirus pandemic, the airports in Schönefeld and Tegel handled around 35.65 million passengers. For 2020, the airport company expects a total of around nine million passengers.
The compensatory measures in the proximity of the new Berlin Brandenburg Airport have been completed. The wild horses “Liebenthaler Wildlinge” are now grazing in the park area “In den Gehren”. Compensatory and replacement measures The green ribbon The Airport Company is conducting a number of different projects aimed at providing ecological compensation for the inevitable changes in the landscape resulting from the expansion of the new Berlin Brandenburg Airport. These compensatory and replacement measures on a total area of about 500 hectares surround the airport like a green ribbon. The goal of creating recreation areas in the airport’s vicinity and strengthening the biotope network was achieved with the conclusion of the measures in 2015. The Airport Company will ensure that all of the implemented measures develop optimally over a period of 25 years. Landscape aesthetics and ecological value play key roles in the design of the new park areas on the airport premises. In the area of the so-called “Midfield Gardens” east of the terminal, for instance, a landscape of sand dunes and pines typical of the marches has been created. The connecting axes in the representative area of the Airport City are lined by the lime tree avenues typical of the march region. A total of more than 1,300 trees have been planted on the airport premises, putting their mark on the structure of the area and making and important contribution to the micro-climate at the airport. The green ribbon runs around the airport in its immediate vicinity. In
Environment | 47 Ecological moat management with a weed harvester in the Zülow Canal. New trees have also been planted as part of the compensatory and replacement measures. total, three landscape parks have been created — “”Am Vogelwäldchen”, “Am Dörferblick” and “In den Gehren” — and two historical estate parks have been restored, the “Estate Park Grossziethen” and the “Estate Park Dahlewitz”. In addition 56 kilometres of avenues, rows of trees and biotope networks were planted along bodies of water and hedges and eight small bodies of water were created. The largest single project in the com- pensatory and replacement measures is the landscape development and ecological upgrading of the Zülow lowlands. This open lowlands landscape with an area of about 2,600 hectares is located to the south of the airport between Mittenwalde, Dabendorf and Gross Machnow/Rangsdorf. The objectives of the upgrade are the improvement of the living conditions for flora and fauna and the enhancement of the value of experiencing the nature of the Zülow lowlands. The planning stipulation decision was issued in 2011; the realisation of the measures has been going on since that time. Furthermore, the planning stipulation decision includes a compensatory charge for sealed areas which the Berlin Airports will pay to the Naturschutzfonds Brandenburg over a period of 14 years.
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