Die Flughafengesellschaft FBB betreibt den Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg Willy Brandt (BER) mit seinen drei Terminals. Berlin ist der drittgrößte Flughafenstandort in Deutschland; gemessen an den ankommenden und abfliegenden Passagieren (ohne Umsteiger) sogar der größte. Die Flughäfen Schönefeld und Tegel fertigten im Jahr 2019, vor der Coronavirus-Pandemie, rund 35,65 Millionen Passagiere ab. Für das Jahr 2020 rechnet die Flughafengesellschaft mit insgesamt rund neun Millionen Passagieren.
The airport company Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH (FBB) operates Berlin Brandenburg Willy Brandt Airport (BER) with its three terminals. Berlin is the third biggest airport location in Germany and ranks first in terms of origin and destination traffic (not counting connecting passengers). In 2019, before the coronavirus pandemic, the airports in Schönefeld and Tegel handled around 35.65 million passengers. For 2020, the airport company expects a total of around nine million passengers.
→ 40 | Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH Most of the aircraft in Berlin, such as this Airbus A320-211 at Germanwings, are to be classified in the quiet Noise Classes 1 to 3. Noise-related charges raised sharply The number of aircraft causing especially high noise emissions has declined significantly at Tegel and Schoenefeld Airports during the past five years. The number of aircraft movements in Noise Class 4 at Schönefeld Airport since 2010 has been cut in half, and it has declined to about one-fourth of the initial value at Tegel Airport. During the same period, the number of aircraft movements involving aircraft in the quieter Noise Class 3 has risen significantly at Tegel Airport. The corresponding number at Schönefeld Airport has been decreasing because of the decline in traffic numbers since 2010. Half of the decrease at Tegel Airport is undoubtedly because louder aircraft (Noise Class 4) have been replaced by more modern aircraft (Noise Class 3). The other half of the rise in Noise Class 3 is a consequence of the general rise in traffic figures. The relief aid flights operated at Schönefeld Airport in 2014 were unavoidable exceptions and led to 14 aircraft movements in Noise Classes 6 and 7. An analysis of the development of the continuous noise level for the years between 2010 and 2014 reveals that the improvements from the deployment of quieter aircraft are in part cancelled out by the increase in aircraft movements so that the continuous noise level has remained approximately the same in recent years. The airlines pay a take-off and landing charge based on noise levels at Schönefeld and Tegel. The charges for Noise Classes 4 to 7 were increased sharply in 2014. In addition, there was a reclassification of the aircraft models in the noise classes. For instance, there was an increase in the noise class from 3 to 4 for the aircraft models Boeing 737-800/900, Boeing 757 and Airbus A321-200 certified according to Chapter 3. The aircraft type Airbus A330 will be classified in Noise Class 5 instead of Noise Class 4 from 2014 on. This will increase the pressure on the airlines to deploy quieter aircraft, especially at night, and to continue to modernise their aircraft fleets without interruption.
Aircraft Movements by Noise Classes Number of Loud Aircraft Declining Noise Class Noise Class 1 up to 70.9 dB(A) Noise Class 2 71 to 73.9 dB(A) Noise Class 3 74 to 76.9 dB(A) Aircraft movements 2010 2014* 15,200 12,193 15,411 20,190 177,606 211,212 Noise Class 4 77 to 79.9 dB(A) 25,404 Aircraft movements 2010 7,491 Aircraft movements 2014* Noise Class 5 80 to 84.9 dB(A) 1,487 Aircraft movements 2010 569 Aircraft movements 2014* Noise Class 6 85 to 89.9 dB(A) 10 Aircraft movements 2010 10 Aircraft movements 2014* Noise Class 7 more than 90 dB(A) 15 Aircraft movements 2010 6 Aircraft movements 2014* * Noise classes were redefined in 2014. The classification of the aircraft movements according to noise class in 2014 was disclosed using the noise class classification from 2013 so that a comparison with the previous years would be possible.
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