Mit rund 35,65 Millionen Passagieren im Jahr 2019 ist Berlin der drittgrößte Flughafenstandort in Deutschland. Um die notwendigen Kapazitäten für die Zukunft zu schaffen, wurde am 31. Oktober 2020 der neue Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg Airport Willy Brandt eröffnet. Der Flughafen besteht aus drei Terminals. Die Terminals 1 und 2 befinden sich zwischen der Süd- und der Nordbahn. Terminal 5, der ehemalige Flughafen Schönefeld, befindet sich auf der Nordseite des Flughafens. Die Terminals 3 und 4 werden entsprechend den Passagierprognosen geplant und gebaut.
With around 35.65 million passengers in 2019, Berlin is the third largest airport site in Germany. In order to create the necessary capacities for the future, Berlin Brandenburg Airport Willy Brandt will open on 31 October 2020. The airport consists of three terminals. Terminals 1 and 2 are situated between the two north and south runways. Terminal 5, formerly Schönefeld Airport, lies on the north side of the airport. Terminals 3 and 4 shall be planned and built based on the passenger forecasts.
→ 52 | Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH Air quality Technical and ecological air quality monitoring The air quality at the airport location Berlin-Schönefeld has been continuously monitored since July 2011 by an air quality measuring point on the business site. The measurement technology used for this purpose records both gaseous as well as particular air pollutants. The state office for the environment of Brandenburg also has access to the measurement data besides FBB, which also carries out a quality control of the measurement data. All air quality parameters that are to be monitored were substantially below the threshold values in 2017. The measurement data can be viewed as an annual report and as a daily notification in the neighbourhood portal of the FBB website as well as on the website of the state office for the environment. FBB has been examining the air quality at the current Schönefeld Airport and the future BER Airport since 2011 moreover with the help of an organic and bee monitoring. For this purpose either grass cultures or also sprout plants were placed on the site and in the surrounding area of the airport depending on the season. Both plants are particularly highly suitable as an organic indicator, as they enrich certain air pollutants. With the bee monitoring pollens, wax and honey from the airport environs are compared with honey from other regions and residues of pollutants are analysed. The monitoring are assessed by independent experts and since 2011 have showed a clear result: Schönefeld Airport has no relevant influence on the quality of honey. The organic monitoring did not show any influence of the airport operation on the air pollutants in the environment. The air quality measuring points of FBB supply results about the air quality at the airport location. Since 2016 ultra-fine dust measurements have also been possible. Ultra-fine dust measurements at Schönefeld Airport Since September 2016 FBB has been carrying out ultra-fine dust measurements at the airport location. These measurements have a purely scientific background and should contribute to the better characterisation of the external air composition in the airport environs. There is no threshold stipulation for ultra-fine dust. Since 2017 FBB has had a mobile air quality measuring point, which also carries out ultra-fine dust measurements. With the mobile measuring point measurements are possible outside of the airport site.
Environment | 53 ← Compensatory and substitute measures The Airport Company has been supporting the International Workcamp in the Zülowniederung for 13 years. In 2017 the work took place in the climate garden Rangsdorf. FBB ensures that the unavoidable changes in the landscape are compensated for from an ecological point of view. Therefore, for previous habitats of animals and plants, which have been lost by the building of BER, high-quality substitute areas have been created elsewhere. However, FBB does not only create these areas it also assumes the responsibility for a period of 25 years for their sustainable and optimum development. FBB has among others create a “green belt” with an area of 500 hectares, which is situated all around BER and increases the value of the landscape there with attractive leisure locations for neighbouring residents and visitors. The greatest single project with the compensatory and substitute measures is the ecological increase in value of the Zülowniederung. The area is located in the south of Berlin between Mittenwalde, Dabendorf and Groß Machnow/ Rangsdorf and comprises around 2,600 hectares of open lowlands. FBB has implemented numerous measures there in connection with the Verein für Landschaftspflege und Umweltschutz Teltow-Fläming e.V. (VLU TF – Association for Landscape Care and Environmental Protection). The compensatory measures improve the living conditions for flora and fauna and thus also the experience value of the Zülowniederung.
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Sales revenues in EUR million 2016
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