Die Flughafengesellschaft FBB betreibt den Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg Willy Brandt (BER) mit seinen drei Terminals. Berlin ist der drittgrößte Flughafenstandort in Deutschland; gemessen an den ankommenden und abfliegenden Passagieren (ohne Umsteiger) sogar der größte. Die Flughäfen Schönefeld und Tegel fertigten im Jahr 2019, vor der Coronavirus-Pandemie, rund 35,65 Millionen Passagiere ab. Für das Jahr 2020 rechnet die Flughafengesellschaft mit insgesamt rund neun Millionen Passagieren.
The airport company Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH (FBB) operates Berlin Brandenburg Willy Brandt Airport (BER) with its three terminals. Berlin is the third biggest airport location in Germany and ranks first in terms of origin and destination traffic (not counting connecting passengers). In 2019, before the coronavirus pandemic, the airports in Schönefeld and Tegel handled around 35.65 million passengers. For 2020, the airport company expects a total of around nine million passengers.
The estate park “In den Gehren” was dedicated in May 2015 and has since been populated by the wild horses “Liebenthaler Wildlingen”. Compensatory and replacement measures The Green Ribbon The Airport Company is conducting a number of different projects aimed at providing ecological compensation for the inevitable changes in the landscape resulting from the expansion of the new Berlin Brandenburg Airport. Compensatory and replacement measures on a total area of about 500 hectares in the immediate surroundings of the airport act like a green ribbon to integrate the airport into the landscape. In total, three landscape parks have been created and two historical estate parks have been restored. Hedges, rows of trees or wetlands previously located like islands in the intensively cultivated agricultural landscape have been connected by extensive plantings on 56 kilometres and with eight new small bodies of water so that a large-area composite of biotopes has resulted. The populations of indigenous animal species will be protected long-term by these measures. The Airport Company will ensure over a period of 25 years that the created small bodies of water, the newly planted trees and bushes and the ecological reforestation develop optimally. The largest single project in the compensatory and replacement measures is the landscape development and ecological upgrading of the Zülow lowlands. This open lowlands landscape with an area of about 2,600 hectares is located to the south of the airport between Mittenwalde, Dabendorf and Gross Machnow/ Rangsdorf. The objectives of the upgrade are the improvement of the living conditions for flora and fauna and the enhancement of the value of experiencing the nature of the Zülow lowlands. The planning stipulation decision was
The Green Ribbon Compensatory and Replacement Measures Around Berlin Brandenburg Airport Estate Park Großziethen The estate park is a place for leisure and recreation offering a broad range of activities and valuable stands of old trees. It was also possible to integrate an existing children’s farm into the park. Landscape Parks Environment | 49 The creation of the landscape parks “Am Vogelwäldchen”, “Am Dörferblick” and “In den Gehren” has provided recreational areas in the transitional spaces between city and countryside. Woods, tree-lined roads and hedges have been planted. Areas for leisure activities, bodies of water and a grazing area for wild horses — in the meantime, home to the “Liebenthaler Wildlinge” — have also been established. ← Biotope Network Tree-lined Path Trees have been planted along a hiking path to the north of the new airport. Green Network Glasowbach Contiguous woods structures have been created to the west of BER; meadows and small bodies of water have been established, and the landscape has been structured by trees and hedges. BER N 0 0,5 1 km Estate Park Dahlewitz Paths have been restored and bridges based on historical models have been built in the park with an area of 7.3 hectares. Green areas of major ecological significance have also been planted. Greening the Airport The planting of the drives to the terminal and the forecourt includes features of both the Mark landscape and the inner-city flora of Berlin. Biodiversity Along the Water, Roads and Rails The greening of adjoining areas serves the integration into nature. Substitute habitats and amphibian passages have been installed for animals. Zülow Lowlands The largest single project (2,600 hectares) encompasses joint measures with farmers, new plantings, ecological reforesting measures and construction of bodies of water. Open Landscape Schönefeld Platte BER has been integrated into its surroundings by the creation of landscape structures (woods and meadows) along the southern perimeter of the airport. Waltersdorf Flood Ditch Meadow Part of the activities for the construction of bodies of water involved here wetland restoration. Newly planted rows of trees structure the flood ditch meadow and sewage irrigation fields. Last revised: August 2015 The Green Ribbon around BER. issued in 2011; the realisation of the measures has been going on since that time. Furthermore, the planning stipulation decision includes a compensatory charge for sealed areas which the Berlin Airports will pay to the Naturschutzfonds Brandenburg over a period of 14 years. Landscape aesthetics and ecological value play key roles in the design of the new park areas on the airport premises. In the area of the so-called “Midfield Gardens” east of the terminal, for instance, a landscape of sand dunes and pines typical of the marches has been created. The connecting axes in the representative area of the Airport City are lined by the lime tree avenues typical of the march region. A total of more than 1,300 trees have been planted on the airport premises, putting their mark on the structure of the area and making an important contribution to the micro-climate at the airport.
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