Die Flughafengesellschaft FBB betreibt den Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg Willy Brandt (BER) mit seinen drei Terminals. Berlin ist der drittgrößte Flughafenstandort in Deutschland; gemessen an den ankommenden und abfliegenden Passagieren (ohne Umsteiger) sogar der größte. Die Flughäfen Schönefeld und Tegel fertigten im Jahr 2019, vor der Coronavirus-Pandemie, rund 35,65 Millionen Passagiere ab. Für das Jahr 2020 rechnet die Flughafengesellschaft mit insgesamt rund neun Millionen Passagieren.
The airport company Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH (FBB) operates Berlin Brandenburg Willy Brandt Airport (BER) with its three terminals. Berlin is the third biggest airport location in Germany and ranks first in terms of origin and destination traffic (not counting connecting passengers). In 2019, before the coronavirus pandemic, the airports in Schönefeld and Tegel handled around 35.65 million passengers. For 2020, the airport company expects a total of around nine million passengers.
→ 42 | Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH The majority of the aircraft used in Berlin are to be classified in the quieter Noise Classes 1 to 3 as exemplified by this milestone aircraft at Germania. Noise-related charges raised sharply The number of deployed aircraft causing especially high noise emissions has declined significantly at Tegel and Schönefeld Airports during the past five years. For instance, the number of aircraft movements in Noise Class 4 at Schönefeld Airport has been cut in half since 2011. At Tegel Airport, movements in Noise Classes 4 and 5 have declined to about one-third of the original value. During the same period, the number of aircraft movements involving aircraft in the quieter Noise Class 3 has risen significantly at Tegel Airport. This figure has remained more or less at the same level at Schönefeld Airport. Half of the development at Tegel Airport is undoubtedly because louder aircraft (Noise Class 4) have been replaced by more modern aircraft (Noise Class 3). The other half of the rise in Noise Class 3 is a consequence of the general rise in traffic figures. At Schönefeld Airport, on the other hand, there has been a slight increase in aircraft movements in Noise Class 5, resulting almost exclusively from the deployment of the aircraft model McDonnell Douglas MD-82 for charter flights operated by the airline Bulgarian Air Charter. The relief flights carried out at Schönefeld Airport in 2015, which led to four aircraft movements in Noise Classes 6 and 7, represent unavoidable exceptions. An analysis of the development of the continuous noise level for the years between 2011 and 2015 at Tegel Airport reveals that the improvements from the deployment of quieter aircraft are in part cancelled out by the increase in aircraft movements so that the continuous noise level has remained approximately the same in recent years. The charges for Noise Classes 6 and 7 were increased sharply in 2015. In addition, there was an adjustment in the charges at Tegel and Schönefeld Airports. Various aircraft models were reclassified in higher noise classes back in 2014. This increases the pressure on the airlines to deploy quieter aircraft, especially during the nighttime periods. The adjustments led to major changes in the aircraft noise statistics which were calculated back to the noise classes in 2011–2013 for the years 2014 and 2015. The current classification of the noise classes is shown in the last column of the table “Aircraft Movements According to Noise Classes” below.
Aircraft Movements by Noise Classes Number of Loud Aircraft Declining Noise Class Noise Class 1 bis 70.9 dB(A) Noise Class 2 71 bis 73.9 dB(A) Noise Class 3 74 bis 76.9 dB(A) Aircraft Movements 2011 2015* 13,143 14,964 16,774 26,791 188,403 210,857 Noise Class 4 77 bis 79.9 dB(A) 22,931 Aircraft movements 2011 7,294 Aircraft movements 2015* Noise Class 5 80 bis 84.9 dB(A) 1,693 Aircraft movements 2011 716 Aircraft movements 2015* Noise Class 6 85 bis 89.9 dB(A) 8 Aircraft movements 2011 6 Aircraft movements 2015* Noise Class 7 ab 90 dB(A) 18 Aircraft movements 2011 6 Aircraft movements 2015* * Noise classes were redefined in 2014. The number of aircraft movements in the noise classes in 2015 were determined for comparison purposes on the basis of the noise class classification 2011–2013.
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