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Annual Report 2011

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Annual Report 2011

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→ 46 | Berlin Brandenburg Airport → Annual Report 2011 ditions in the area around the airport can be documented in the long term. Kale monitoring In October and November 2011, standardised kale plants were set out at a total of ten sites on the premises of Schoenefeld Airport and in its surroundings for the purposes of this voluntary study programme. The analysis of the plants after they have been in open fields for eight weeks is expected to provide revealing information about the extent of air pollutants and their effects on the environment. Kale is especially useful as an organic indicator because it concentrates accumulation of certain air pollutants. The plants used in the examination study were all pre-cultivated under the same conditions in neutral soil. The plants were set out in pots on a bar in the examined areas and accumulated pollutants from the air over a period of eight weeks. At the end of this time, the independent Munich institute UMW Environmental Monitoring examined the plants for residual polycyclical aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and seven trace elements and heavy metals. These substances are created as residues during combustion processes in heating systems and in road and air traffic. The analysis of the kale plants revealed that no effects from airport operations on the content of pollutants in the air in its environs could be determined. Bee monitoring Another component of the environmental study programme at FBB is bee monitoring. This is first and foremost a food study and provides useful information concerning the quality of the honey and the residual substances being examined. The airport conducts the monitoring in cooperation with beekeepers from the region. Honey, pollen and honeycomb are examined for air pollutants in this voluntary study programme. Samples from a number of hives of various origins were taken to determine the possible effects of air traffic on the quality of the honey. Samples taken from hives where nectar was collected within a three-kilometre radius near or on the airport premises were compared with samples from hives largely unaffected by air traffic. The bee monitoring revealed that the development and production of all of the hives, whether near the airport or far away, was equally good in 2011. Measurements of the residual substances did not reveal any effect of the airport operation. 03 04

Climate and energy Senior management has adopted a climate protection programme within the framework of the environmental strategy. BER wants to be established as a climate protection airport and will undertake numerous activities in the coming years to earn this title. The measures include the provision of energy to Berlin Brandenburg Airport from the combined power-heating plants operated by the company E.ON edis in the immediate vicinity of the terminal, which have been providing heating, cooling and electric power since summer 2011. In addition, Berlin Brandenburg Airport promotes the development of alternative drive technologies and cooperates with a number of associations and companies from the sector of electric and hydrogen mobility. Airport landscape park As part of the Schoenefeld expansion, Berlin Brandenburg Airport is carrying out a number of compensatory and replacement measures. They look like a green ribbon around the new Annual Report 2011 � Berlin Brandenburg Airport | 47 � airport. For instance, nine trees have been planted for every tree cut down, and compensation has been created for every sealed surface. Furthermore, biotope monitoring has prevented any harmful effects in the environs of the airport during the construction period. The historic parks and the newly created landscape parks were completed and handed over to the municipalities and the general public for their use in 2011. The remaining plantings were finished in autumn/winter 2011/2012. In the Airport City, the landscaping of the open spaces (Willy-Brandt-Platz and side streets) and the planting of trees have taken place as construction has been completed. The Mark landscape in the Midfield Garden area (dunes and row of pine trees along with the central lime-tree boulevard) was completed in 2011 as well. Additional tree plantings in the connecting road network have mostly been completed. The largest single project in the compensatory and replacement measures is the ecological upgrading of the Zülowniederung. The planning stipulation decision for this was issued in August 2011 so that the plantings can now begin. 05 06 01 The operational start-up of BER is a great step forward in the direction of an environmentally compatible, energy-efficient airport 02 The utilisation of aircraft capacity in Schoenefeld in 2011 rose to 97 passengers per aircraft 03 The bee monitoring at BER is one component of the environmental study programme 04 Kale monitoring at BER: the analysis of the plants after they have been in open fields for eight weeks is expected to provide revealing information about the extent of air pollutants and their effects on the environment 05 Energy-efficient BER: the use of electric vehicles has been the subject of tests at Berlin Brandenburg Airport since the end of 2011 06 The historic parks and the newly created landscape parks were completed and handed over to the municipalities and the general public for their use in 2011

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